Ñaupa Iglesia Inca Site
The district of Ollantaytambo has several archaeological sites dating from Inca Era. One of the archaeological sites is Ñaupa Iglesia Choqella, which is articulated by a road network that joins the main road that passes through the Pomatales valley. Due to the arrangement of its architectural structures associated with a succession of platforms, ritual enclosures and ceremonial Wakas (temples).
Description Ñaupa Iglesia
Ñaupa Iglesia Inca Site is unique in its kind, because of its construction, its details and its location. Ñaupa Church served in the Inca times to make offerings to the land and as a center of conquest of the valley of Huarocondo. It connected with Pisac, Ollantaytambo and Machu Picchu.
After the platforms, very high and a little chopped into a trapezoidal mountain, where the main temple and a set of rocky windows stand out. The main temple is located in the upper part, is a Waka (sacred temple or shrine) of natural volcanic rock formation, which comprises an area of 36 square meters, trapezoidal form. It is observed a balsamic rock, carved with ornamental motifs of the double-jamb stepped sign. In addition, a Chakana, an Inca symbol that represented his Worldview. The rocky windows are located to the left side of the temple or shrine. They are seven meters long and one meter wide. In the parquet, we can see trapezoidal and double jamb niches, alternated throughout the space of the structure, with evidences of plaster or in mud, plastering of very fine red clay.
The archaeological site of Ñaupa Iglesia is located within the area comprised by the Archaeological Park of Ollantaytambo of the province of Urubamba department of Cusco, is situated at an altitude between 2800 to 2900 meters above sea level.
Location map of the area.
The archaeological site of Ñaupa Iglesia Inca Site is constituted of three sectors: Sector I. – Corresponds to the succession of platforms, stairs, ceremonial enclosures, drains and irrigation canals, the entire infrastructure is built of stone material of rustic equipment of volcanic formation. Sector II. – Constituted by ceremonial precincts. Sector III. – It includes the sacred temple or shrine, of natural formation of volcanic rock.
- The archaeological site of Ñaupa Iglesia limits:
- To the north: Cusco-Machupicchu railway line
- South: Closed Apu Huacan Condor.
- To the East: Cusco-Machupicchu railway line.
- For the West: Ñaupa Tendal.
- East: 0800133 Altitude: 2960 m. S. N. M.
- North: 8529230
From the City of Cusco, the community of Pachar – Ñaupa Iglesia is accessed, the same one that is linked by two routes:
The asphalted road of Cusco – Chinchero – Ollantaytambo, with a route of 79 km to Pachar, is the most used and from the whereabouts of Pachar to the archaeological site, a route of 2.20 km is made.
The other route by means of the carriageway Cusco – Huarocondo – Pachar – Ollantaytambo, is a route less used. These accesses are roads that connect important villages in the area, which through permanent Inca roads maintained permanent communication with the localities of Pisac, Ollantaytambo and Machupicchu, very important places in the Inca times.
The chronicles of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries provide us with indirect information from Ñaupa Iglesia Inca Site; the data extracted are general referring to roads, Wakas, enclosures and systems of agricultural production (terracing system). According to Pedro Pizarro, referring to the confrontation of Manco Inca with the Spanish – 1 Pedro Pizarro: 1986 Cap.XX-Pag. 146 to 148.